Biodegradable Fluorescent Nanoparticles for Endoscopic Detection of Colorectal Carcinogenesis
Rogalla, S., Flisikowski, K., Gorpas, D., Mayer, A. T., Flisikowska, T., Mandella, M. J., Ma, X. P., Casey, K. M., Felt, S. A., Saur, D., Ntziachristos, V., Schnieke, A., Contag, C. H., Gambhir, S. S., and Harmsen, S. (2019). Adv Funct Mater 29. doi: 10.1002/adfm.201904992
Early and comprehensive endoscopic detection of colonic dysplasia-the most clinically significant precursor lesion to colorectal adenocarcinoma-provides an opportunity for timely, minimally invasive intervention to prevent malignant transformation. Here, the development and evaluation of biodegradable near-infrared fluorescent silica nanoparticles (FSN) that have the potential to improve adenoma detection during fluorescence-assisted white-light colonoscopic surveillance in rodent and human-scale models of colorectal carcinogenesis is described. FSNs are biodegradable (t(1/2) of 2.7 weeks), well-tolerated, and enable detection and delineation of adenomas as small as 0.5 mm(2) with high tumor-to-background ratios. Furthermore, in the human scale, APC(1311/+) porcine model, the clinical feasibility and benefit of using FSN-guided detection of colorectal adenomas using video-rate fluorescence-assisted white-light endoscopy is demon-strated. Since nanoparticles of similar size (e.g., 100-150 nm) or composition (i.e., silica and silica/gold hybrid) have already been successfully translated to the clinic, and clinical fluorescent/white-light endoscopy systems are becoming more readily available, there is a viable path towards clinical translation of the proposed strategy for early colorectal cancer detection and prevention in high-risk patients.