Insights into incretin-based therapies for treatment of diabetic dyslipidemia
Stemmer, K., Finan, B., DiMarchi, R. D., Tschop, M. H., and Muller, T. D. (2020). Adv Drug Deliv Rev 159, 34-53
Derangements in triglyceride and cholesterol metabolism (dyslipidemia) are major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases in obese and type-2 diabetic (T2D) patients. An emerging class of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogues and next generation peptide dual-agonists such as GLP-1/glucagon or GLP-1/GIP could provide effective therapeutic options for T2D patients. In addition to their role in glucose and energy homeostasis, GLP-1, GIP and glucagon serve as regulators of lipid metabolism. This review summarizes the current knowledge in GLP-1, glucagon and GIP effects on lipid and lipoprotein metabolism and frames the emerging therapeutic benefits of GLP-1 analogs and GLP-1-based multiagonists as add-on treatment options for diabetes associated dyslipidemia.